Brinks Home Security Reports Results for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019

DALLAS-FORT WORTH, Texas, Nov. 13, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Monitronics International, Inc. and its subsidiaries (doing business as Brinks Home Security™), (“Brinks Home Security” or the “Company”) (OTC: SCTY) today announced results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019.

Third Quarter Key Highlights:

  • Completed reorganization and emerged from voluntary Chapter 11 on August 30, 2019, having eliminated over $800 million of debt
  • Listed on the OTC Markets on September 5, 2019 under ticker “SCTY”
  • Brinks Home Security ranked #1 in customer satisfaction for the second year in a row by the J.D. Power 2019 Home Security Satisfaction StudySM
  • Net revenue of $120.9 million (including a one-time “Fresh Start” reduction of $5.3 million), as compared to $137.2 million in the prior year period
  • Net Income of $673.6 million, including a one-time $702.8 million gain from the restructuring, as compared to net loss of $33.8 million in the prior year period
  • Adjusted EBITDA of $62.5 million, (including a one-time “Fresh Start” reduction of $5.3 million), as compared to $71.3 million in the prior year period

“We are pleased to begin a new era for Brinks Home Security, having successfully completed our balance sheet recapitalization in late August,” said Jeff Gardner, President and Chief Executive Officer of Brinks Home Security. “Our new capital structure allows us to operate as a stronger organization with the resources available to execute on the growth opportunities ahead of us.”

“As an appropriately capitalized market leader, we are prioritizing our commitment to delivering a best in class customer experience, a disciplined approach to account acquisition, improved customer retention and prudent capital allocation. Through smart investments in both our Dealer and Direct to Consumer Channels, we are enhancing our go-to-market strategies to improve new customer acquisition. We are also strengthening retention through a more personalized customer experience that continuously engages the customer throughout their lifecycle. Our sales and marketing strategy, with the Brinks Home Security brand name in the forefront, will leverage our strong consumer recognition and trust. This trust is most recently evidenced by Brinks Home Security being ranked #1 in customer satisfaction for the second straight year by the J.D. Power Home Security Satisfaction Study. We believe this award enhances the value of our brand and validates the value we place on delivering the highest levels of customer service.”

“The Company is well into the process of developing our go-forward strategic plan and we anticipate providing the market with a more detailed presentation of our strategic priorities and long-term objectives in early 2020. While there is much work ahead of us, we are excited to share our vision in the coming months and leverage our fresh start to build a stronger and more dynamic Brinks Home Security.”

Customer & Attrition Data

Brinks Home Security customers are obtained through its direct-to-consumer sales channel (the "Direct to Consumer Channel" or “DTC”), which offers both Do-It-Yourself and professional installation security solutions and its exclusive authorized dealer network (the "Dealer Channel"), which provides product and installation services, as well as support to customers.

Customer Additions

Through its Dealer and DTC Channels, in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company acquired 21,228 and 63,974 subscriber accounts, respectively. This represents a decline of 35.8% and 30.5% in the three and nine month periods, respectively, as compared to the prior year periods. The declines are due to large bulk purchases made in the respective periods in 2018 and a reduction in accounts generated in the current year in the Company’s DTC Channel. Excluding the impact of the 2018 bulk purchases, subscriber account acquisitions decreased 19.5% and 14.0% in the three and nine month periods, respectively. 

Attrition

  Twelve Months Ended September 30,
  2019    2018 
Beginning Balance of accounts 942,157     998,087  
Accounts Acquired 84,899     110,358  
Accounts Cancelled (156,047 )   (161,657 )
Cancelled accounts guaranteed by dealer and other adjustments (a) (5,161 )   (4,631 )
Ending balance of accounts 865,848     942,157  
Monthly weighted average accounts 903,424     965,026  
Attrition rate – Unit 17.3 %   16.8 %
Attrition rate - RMR (b) 17.6 %   14.1 %
  1. Includes cancelled accounts that are contractually guaranteed to be refunded from holdback
  2. The recurring monthly revenue (“RMR”) of cancelled accounts follows the same definition as subscriber unit attrition as noted above. RMR attrition is defined as the RMR of cancelled accounts in a given period, adjusted for the impact of price increases or decreases in that period, divided by the weighted average of RMR for that period.

The increase in unit and RMR attrition was driven by fewer customers under contract or in the dealer guarantee period, as compared to the prior period, as well as some impact from competition, including new market entrants. The increase in the RMR attrition rate was also impacted by price guarantees and a less aggressive price increase strategy.

Presentation of Predecessor and Successor Financial Results:

Apart from interest expense, Brinks Home Security’s operating results and key operating performance measures on a consolidated basis were not materially impacted by the reorganization. The Company believes that certain of its consolidated operating results for the period from July 1, 2019 through August 31, 2019 when combined with its consolidated operating results for the period from September 1, 2019 through September 30, 2019 is comparable to certain operating results from the comparable prior year period. Accordingly, the Company believes that discussing the combined non-GAAP results of operations and cash flows of the Predecessor Company and the Successor Company for the three-month period ended September 30, 2019 is useful when analyzing certain performance measures.

Three Months Ended September 30, 2019 Financial Summary1

        Successor Company     Predecessor Company
  Non-GAAP Combined Three Months Ended September 30,     Period from September 1, 2019 through September 30,     Period from July 1, 2019 through August 31,   Three Months Ended
 September 30,
  2019     2019     2019   2018
Net revenue $ 120,878       $ 36,289       $ 84,589     137,156  
Cost of services 28,962       8,976       19,986     35,059  
Selling, general and administrative, including stock-based and long-term incentive compensation 32,370       11,390       20,980     34,266  
Amortization of subscriber accounts, deferred contract acquisition costs and other intangible assets 49,810       17,302       32,508     52,671  
Interest expense 34,586       7,474       27,112     39,077  
Income tax expense 642       204       438     1,346  
Net income (loss) 673,578       (10,807 )     684,385     (33,840 )
Adjusted EBITDA 62,502       17,144       45,358     71,282  

The Company reported net revenues of $120.9 million, a decline of 11.9%, attributable to the lower average number of subscribers in the three-month period, along with a $5.3 million fair value adjustment that reduced deferred revenue upon the Company’s emergence from bankruptcy in accordance with “Fresh Start” accounting.  Offsetting these declines was increased product sales revenues from new customers in connection with reduced equipment and installation subsidies on new sales and from existing customers as part of upgrade retention offers. Increases in average RMR per subscriber in the quarter, also had a favorable impact on revenues.

RMR acquired during the quarter was $1.0 million, as compared to $1.6 million in the prior year period, largely due to a large bulk purchase in 2018.

Cost of Services was $29.0 million, a decline of 17.4%, driven by reductions in subscriber acquisition and field service costs as well as reductions in headcount. Subscriber acquisition costs, which include expensed equipment and labor costs associated with the creation of new subscribers, decreased 51.2% to $2.2 million.

Selling, General and Administrative costs were $32.4 million, a decline of 5.5%, primarily attributable to reductions in subscriber acquisition selling and marketing costs associated with the creation of new subscribers and $3.1 million of rebranding expense recognized in the prior year period.

Net income increased to $673.6 million as compared to a net loss of $33.8 million in the prior year period, due primarily to a one-time $702.8 million gain on restructuring and reorganization related to the conversion of debt to equity,  discounted cash settlement of the Predecessor Company's high yield senior notes in accordance with the Company's bankruptcy Plan, and application of fresh start accounting.

Adjusted EBITDA was $62.5 million, a decline of 12.3%, driven by reductions in net revenue, offset by favorable decreases in cost of services and SG&A, including subscriber acquisition costs. Excluding the impact of the “Fresh Start” fair value adjustment to deferred revenue, Adjusted EBITDA decreased 4.9%.

1All variances are year-over-year unless otherwise noted.

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019 Financial Summary2

        Successor Company     Predecessor Company  
  Non-GAAP Combined Nine Months Ended September 30,     Period from September 1, 2019 through September 30,     Period from January 1, 2019 through August 31,   Nine Months Ended
 September 30,
  2019     2019     2019   2018  
Net revenue $ 378,575       $ 36,289       $ 342,286     405,922    
Cost of services 84,262       8,976       75,286     100,807    
Selling, general and administrative, including stock-based and long-term incentive compensation 91,755       11,390       80,365     98,935    
Amortization of subscriber accounts, deferred contract acquisition costs and other intangible assets 148,093       17,302       130,791     160,973    
Interest expense 112,555       7,474       105,081     114,550    
Income tax expense 1,979       204       1,775     4,039    
Net income (loss) 587,606       (10,807 )     598,413     (301,839 )  
Adjusted EBITDA 204,517       17,144       187,373     213,480    

The Company reported net revenues of $378.6 million, a decline of 6.7%, attributable to the lower average number of subscribers in the nine-month period, along with the previously discussed $5.3 million “Fresh Start” adjustment.    Offsetting these declines was increased product sales revenues from new customers in connection with reduced equipment and installation subsidies on new sales and from and existing customers as part of upgrade retention offers. Increases in average RMR per subscriber also had a favorable impact on revenues in the period.

RMR acquired during the nine-month period was $3.1 million, as compared to $4.3 million in the prior year period.

Cost of Services was $84.3 million, a decline of 16.4%, driven by reductions in expensed subscriber acquisition costs and field service costs. Subscriber acquisition costs, which include expensed equipment and labor costs associated with the creation of new subscribers, decreased 43.4% to $7.1 million.

Selling, General and Administrative costs were $91.8 million, a 7.3% decline, primarily attributable to a reduction in subscriber acquisition selling and marketing costs associated with the creation of new subscribers. Also contributing to the decrease in SG&A was a $4.8 million insurance receivable settlement received by the Company in April 2019 from an insurance carrier that provided coverage related to the 2017 class action litigation of alleged violation of telemarketing laws as well as rebrand expenses of $6.4 million recognized in 2018. These declines were partially offset by a legal settlement received in the second quarter of 2018, increased consulting fees on integration/implementation of various company initiatives and increased Topic 606 contract asset impairment costs incurred during the nine months ended September 30, 2019.

Net income increased to $587.6 million,  as compared to a net loss of $301.8 million in the prior year period, due  primarily to a one-time $702.8 million gain on restructuring and reorganization related to the conversion of debt to equity,  discounted cash settlement of the Predecessor Company's high yield senior notes in accordance with the Company's bankruptcy Plan, and application of fresh start accounting. The net loss for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 was caused largely by the goodwill impairment of $214.4 million recognized in the second quarter of 2018 and net losses generated from normal operations.

Adjusted EBITDA was $204.5 million, down $9.0 million or 4.2%, driven by declines in net revenue, offset by favorable increases in costs of services and SG&A, including subscriber acquisition costs. Excluding the impact of the “Fresh Start” fair value adjustment to deferred revenue, Adjusted EBITDA decreased 1.7%.

2 All variances are year-over-year unless otherwise noted.

Liquidity

As of September 30, 2019, the Company had total short-term liquidity of $152.1 million to fund working capital and continuing operations, including $28.6 million of cash and cash equivalents and $123.5 million remaining borrowing capacity under the $145 million Successor Revolving Credit Facility.

The Company’s existing long-term debt at September 30, 2019 includes the aggregate principal balance of $994 million under the Successor Takeback Loan Facility, Successor Term Loan Facility and the Successor Revolving Credit Facility. The Successor Takeback Loan Facility has an outstanding principal balance of $822.5 million and requires principal payments of $2.1 million per quarter, beginning December 31, 2019, with the remaining amount becoming due on March 29, 2024. The Successor Term Loan Facility has an outstanding principal balance of $150 million and becomes due on July 3, 2024, subject to a springing maturity of March 29, 2024, or earlier, depending on any repayment, refinancing or changes in the maturity date of the Successor Takeback Term Loan. The $145 million Successor Revolving Credit Facility has an outstanding balance of $21.5 million and available capacity of $123.5 million as of September 30, 2019, subject to certain financial covenants, and becomes due on July 3, 2024, subject to a springing maturity of March 29, 2024, or earlier, depending on any repayment, refinancing or changes in the maturity date of the Successor Takeback Term Loan.

Conference Call

Brinks Home Security will make available a pre-recorded call on Wednesday, November 13, 2019 at 9:00 am ET. To access the call please dial (833) 712-2984 from the United States, or (602) 563-8728 from outside the U.S. The conference call I.D. number is 2658155. Participants should dial in 5 to 10 minutes before the scheduled time.  The Company intends to resume regularly scheduled live earnings calls, with an associated question and answer session, in early 2020.

A replay of the call can be accessed through November 27, 2019 by dialing (800) 585-8367 from the U.S., or (404) 537-3406 from outside the U.S. The conference call I.D. number is 2658155.

This call will also be available as a live webcast which can be accessed at Brinks Home Security’s Investor Relations Website at https://ir.brinkshome.com/.

About Brinks Home Security

Brinks Home Security (OTC: SCTY) is one of the largest home security and alarm monitoring companies in the U.S. Headquartered in the Dallas-Fort Worth area, Brinks Home Security secures approximately 900,000 residential and commercial customers through highly responsive, simple security solutions backed by expertly trained professionals. The Company has the nation’s largest network of independent authorized dealers – providing products and support to customers in the U.S., Canada and Puerto Rico – as well as direct-to-consumer sales of DIY and professionally installed products.

Forward Looking Statements

This press release includes certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including statements about business strategies, market potential and expansion, the success of new products and services, the launch of Brinks Home Security's consumer financing solution; the anticipated benefits of the Brinks Home Security’s rebranding; customer retention; account creation and related cost; anticipated account generation; future financial performance; debt refinancing; recovery of insurance proceeds and other matters that are not historical facts. These forward-looking statements involve many risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such statements, including, without limitation, possible changes in market acceptance of our services, technological innovations in the alarm monitoring industry, competitive issues, continued access to capital on terms acceptable to us, our ability to capitalize on acquisition opportunities, general market and economic conditions and changes in law and government regulations. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this press release, and we expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to disseminate any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statement contained herein to reflect any change in our expectations with regard thereto or any change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based. Please refer to the publicly filed documents of Monitronics International, Inc., including the most recent Forms 10-K and 10-Q for additional information about us and about the risks and uncertainties related to our business which may affect the statements made in this press release.

Contact:

Erica Bartsch

Sloane & Company

212-446-1875

ebartsch@sloanepr.com

MONITRONICS INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
Amounts in thousands, except share amounts

  Successor Company     Predecessor Company
  September 30,
2019
    December 31,
2018
Assets        
Current assets:        
Cash and cash equivalents $ 28,589       2,188  
Restricted cash 86       189  
Trade receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $912 in 2019 and $3,759 in 2018 12,105       13,121  
Prepaid and other current assets 24,966       28,178  
Total current assets 65,746       43,676  
Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $925 in 2019 and $40,531 in 2018 41,215       36,539  
Subscriber accounts and deferred contract acquisition costs, net of accumulated amortization of $15,322 in 2019 and $1,621,242 in 2018 1,089,135       1,195,463  
Dealer network and other intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $1,980 in 2019 and $0 in 2018 142,719        
Goodwill 81,943        
Deferred income tax asset, net 783       783  
Operating lease right-of-use asset 19,153        
Other assets 16,694       29,307  
Total assets $ 1,457,388       1,305,768  
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)        
Current liabilities:        
Accounts payable $ 14,416       12,099  
Other accrued liabilities 35,035       31,085  
Deferred revenue 13,309       13,060  
Holdback liability 6,148       11,513  
Current portion of long-term debt 8,225       1,816,450  
Total current liabilities 77,133       1,884,207  
Non-current liabilities:        
Long-term debt 985,775        
Long-term holdback liability 2,207       1,770  
Derivative financial instruments       6,039  
Operating lease liabilities 15,929        
Other liabilities 7,751       2,727  
Total liabilities 1,088,795       1,894,743  
Commitments and contingencies        
Stockholders’ equity (deficit):        
Predecessor common stock, $.01 par value.  1,000 shares authorized, issued and outstanding at December 31, 2018        
Predecessor additional paid-in capital       439,711  
Predecessor accumulated deficit       (1,036,294 )
Predecessor accumulated other comprehensive income, net       7,608  
Successor preferred stock, $.01 par value.  Authorized 5,000,000 shares; no shares issued        
Successor common stock, $.01 par value.  Authorized 45,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 22,500,000 shares at September 30, 2019 225        
Successor additional paid-in capital 379,175        
Successor accumulated deficit (10,807 )      
Total stockholders’ equity (deficit) 368,593       (588,975 )
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity (deficit) $ 1,457,388       1,305,768  

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

MONITRONICS INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Amounts in thousands, except shares and per share amounts

  Successor Company     Predecessor Company
  Period from September 1, 2019 through September 30,     Period from July 1, 2019 through August 31,   Three Months Ended September 30,
  2019     2019   2018
Net revenue $ 36,289       $ 84,589     137,156  
Operating expenses:            
Cost of services 8,976       19,986     35,059  
Selling, general and administrative, including stock-based and long-term incentive compensation 11,390       20,980     34,266  
Radio conversion costs 825       931      
Amortization of subscriber accounts, deferred contract acquisition costs and other intangible assets 17,302       32,508     52,671  
Depreciation 925       1,073     2,880  
  39,418       75,478     124,876  
Operating (loss) income (3,129 )     9,111     12,280  
Other (income) expense:            
Gain on restructuring and reorganization, net       (702,824 )    
Interest expense 7,474       27,112     39,077  
Refinancing expense           5,697  
  7,474       (675,712 )   44,774  
(Loss) Income before income taxes (10,603 )     684,823     (32,494 )
Income tax expense 204       438     1,346  
Net (loss) income (10,807 )     684,385     (33,840 )
Other comprehensive income (loss):            
Unrealized gain on derivative contracts, net           3,269  
Total other comprehensive income, net of tax           3,269  
Comprehensive (loss) income $ (10,807 )     $ 684,385     (30,571 )
             
Basic and diluted income per share:            
Net loss $ (0.48 )     $      
             
Weighted average Common shares - basic and diluted 22,500,000            
Total issued and outstanding Common shares at period end 22,500,000            

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

MONITRONICS INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Amounts in thousands, except shares and per share amounts

  Successor Company     Predecessor Company
  Period from September 1, 2019 through September 30,     Period from January 1, 2019 through August 31,   Nine Months Ended September 30,
  2019     2019   2018
Net revenue $ 36,289       $ 342,286     405,922  
Operating expenses:            
Cost of services 8,976       75,286     100,807  
Selling, general and administrative, including stock-based and long-term incentive compensation 11,390       80,365     98,935  
Radio conversion costs 825       931      
Amortization of subscriber accounts, deferred contract acquisition costs and other intangible assets 17,302       130,791     160,973  
Depreciation 925       7,348     8,360  
Loss on goodwill impairment           214,400  
  39,418       294,721     583,475  
Operating (loss) income (3,129 )     47,565     (177,553 )
Other (income) expense:            
Gain on restructuring and reorganization, net       (669,722 )    
Interest expense 7,474       105,081     114,550  
Realized and unrealized loss, net on derivative financial instruments       6,804      
Refinancing expense       5,214     5,697  
  7,474       (552,623 )   120,247  
(Loss) income before income taxes (10,603 )     600,188     (297,800 )
Income tax expense 204       1,775     4,039  
Net (loss) income (10,807 )     598,413     (301,839 )
Other comprehensive (loss) income:            
Unrealized (loss) gain on derivative contracts, net       (940 )   23,196  
Total other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax       (940 )   23,196  
Comprehensive (loss) income $ (10,807 )     $ 597,473     (278,643 )
             
Basic and diluted income per share:            
Net loss $ (0.48 )     $      
             
Weighted average Common shares - basic and diluted 22,500,000            
Total issued and outstanding Common shares at period end 22,500,000            

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

MONITRONICS INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
Amounts in thousands

  Successor Company     Predecessor Company
  Period from September 1, 2019 through September 30,     Period from January 1, 2019 through August 31,   Nine Months Ended September 30,
  2019     2019   2018
Cash flows from operating activities:            
Net (loss) income $ (10,807 )     $ 598,413     (301,839 )
Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash provided by operating activities:            
Amortization of subscriber accounts, deferred contract acquisition costs and other intangible assets 17,302       130,791     160,973  
Depreciation 925       7,348     8,360  
Stock-based and long-term incentive compensation 26       912     751  
Deferred income tax expense           1,987  
Amortization of debt discount and deferred debt costs           5,472  
Gain on restructuring and reorganization, net       (669,722 )    
Unrealized loss on derivative financial instruments, net       4,577      
Refinancing expense       5,214     5,697  
Bad debt expense 912       7,558     8,511  
Loss on goodwill impairment           214,400  
Other non-cash activity, net 117       (462 )   2,040  
Changes in assets and liabilities:            
Trade receivables (1,183 )     (6,271 )   (9,028 )
Prepaid expenses and other assets (736 )     2,760     (9,769 )
Subscriber accounts - deferred contract acquisition costs (162 )     (2,193 )   (4,529 )
Payables and other liabilities 6,776       36,690     (8,568 )
Net cash provided by operating activities 13,170       115,615     74,458  
Cash flows from investing activities:            
Capital expenditures (1,123 )     (7,100 )   (11,513 )
Cost of subscriber accounts acquired (8,012 )     (83,814 )   (111,531 )
Net cash used in investing activities (9,135 )     (90,914 )   (123,044 )
Cash flows from financing activities:            
Proceeds from long-term debt 5,000       253,100     218,950  
Payments on long-term debt (5,000 )     (379,666 )   (136,600 )
Proceeds from equity rights offering       166,300      
Cash contributed by Ascent Capital       24,139      
Payments of restructuring and reorganization costs       (53,889 )    
Payments of refinancing costs       (7,404 )   (5,015 )
Value of shares withheld for share-based compensation       (18 )   (83 )
Dividend to Ascent Capital       (5,000 )   (5,000 )
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities       (2,438 )   72,252  
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash 4,035       22,263     23,666  
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period 24,640       2,377     3,302  
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period $ 28,675       $ 24,640     26,968  
             
Supplemental cash flow information:            
State taxes paid, net $       2,637     2,710  
Interest paid 7,238       72,710     95,889  
Accrued capital expenditures 1,471       1,405     882  

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

Adjusted EBITDA

We evaluate the performance of our operations based on financial measures such as revenue and "Adjusted EBITDA." Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP measure and is defined as net income (loss) before interest expense, interest income, income taxes, depreciation, amortization (including the amortization of subscriber accounts, dealer network and other intangible assets), restructuring charges, stock-based compensation, and other non-cash or non-recurring charges. We believe that Adjusted EBITDA is an important indicator of the operational strength and performance of our business.  In addition, this measure is used by management to evaluate operating results and perform analytical comparisons and identify strategies to improve performance.  Adjusted EBITDA is also a measure that is customarily used by financial analysts to evaluate the financial performance of companies in the security alarm monitoring industry and is one of the financial measures, subject to certain adjustments, by which our covenants are calculated under the agreements governing our debt obligations.  Adjusted EBITDA does not represent cash flow from operations as defined by generally accepted accounting principles in the United States ("GAAP"), should not be construed as an alternative to net income or loss and is indicative neither of our results of operations nor of cash flows available to fund all of our cash needs.  It is, however, a measurement that we believe is useful to investors in analyzing our operating performance.  Accordingly, Adjusted EBITDA should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, net income, cash flow provided by operating activities and other measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP.  Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure.  As companies often define non-GAAP financial measures differently, Adjusted EBITDA as calculated by Monitronics should not be compared to any similarly titled measures reported by other companies.

The following table provides a reconciliation of Net loss to total Adjusted EBITDA for the periods indicated (amounts in thousands):

        Successor Company     Predecessor Company
  Non-GAAP Combined Three Months Ended September 30,     Period from September 1, 2019 through September 30,     Period from July 1, 2019 through August 31,   Three Months Ended
 September 30,
  2019     2019     2019   2018
Net income (loss) $ 673,578       $ (10,807 )     $ 684,385     (33,840 )
Amortization of subscriber accounts, deferred contract acquisition costs and other intangible assets 49,810       17,302       32,508     52,671  
Depreciation 1,998       925       1,073     2,880  
Radio conversion costs 1,756       825       931      
Stock-based compensation 266             266     373  
Long-term incentive compensation 107       67       40      
LiveWatch acquisition contingent bonus charges                 63  
Rebranding marketing program                 3,060  
Integration / implementation of company initiatives 2,583       1,154       1,429     195  
Gain on revaluation of acquisition dealer liabilities                 (240 )
Gain on restructuring and reorganization, net (702,824 )           (702,824 )    
Interest expense 34,586       7,474       27,112     39,077  
Refinancing expense                 5,697  
Income tax expense 642       204       438     1,346  
Adjusted EBITDA $ 62,502       $ 17,144       $ 45,358     71,282  
                   
Expensed Subscriber acquisition costs, net                  
Gross subscriber acquisition costs $ 9,710       $ 2,958       $ 6,752     14,098  
Revenue associated with subscriber acquisition costs (1,925 )     (534 )     (1,391 )   (722 )
Expensed Subscriber acquisition costs, net $ 7,785       $ 2,424       $ 5,361     13,376  

The following table provides a reconciliation of Net loss to total Adjusted EBITDA for the periods indicated (amounts in thousands):

        Successor Company     Predecessor Company
  Non-GAAP Combined Nine Months Ended September 30,     Period from September 1, 2019 through September 30,     Period from January 1, 2019 through August 31,   Nine Months Ended
 September 30,
  2019     2019     2019   2018
Net income (loss) $ 587,606       $ (10,807 )     $ 598,413     (301,839 )
Amortization of subscriber accounts, deferred contract acquisition costs and other intangible assets 148,093       17,302       130,791     160,973  
Depreciation 8,273       925       7,348     8,360  
Radio conversion costs 1,756       825       931      
Stock-based compensation 42             42     803  
Long-term incentive compensation 657       67       590      
LiveWatch acquisition contingent bonus charges 63             63     187  
Legal settlement reserve (related insurance recovery) (4,800 )           (4,800 )    
Rebranding marketing program                 6,355  
Integration / implementation of company initiatives 5,997       1,154       4,843     195  
Gain on revaluation of acquisition dealer liabilities                 (240 )
Loss on goodwill impairment                 214,400  
Gain on restructuring and reorganization, net (669,722 )           (669,722 )    
Interest expense 112,555       7,474       105,081     114,550  
Realized and unrealized (gain) loss, net on derivative financial instruments 6,804             6,804      
Refinancing expense 5,214             5,214     5,697  
Income tax expense 1,979       204       1,775     4,039  
Adjusted EBITDA $ 204,517       $ 17,144       $ 187,373     213,480  
                   
Expensed Subscriber acquisition costs, net                  
Gross subscriber acquisition costs $ 27,902       $ 2,958       $ 24,944     38,923  
Revenue associated with subscriber acquisition costs (6,021 )     (534 )     (5,487 )   (3,489 )
Expensed Subscriber acquisition costs, net $ 21,881       $ 2,424       $ 19,457     35,434  
Source: Brinks Home Security