General form of registration statement for all companies including face-amount certificate companies

Goodwill

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Goodwill
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Goodwill and Intangible Assets Disclosure [Abstract]  
Goodwill
Goodwill

The following table provides the activity and balances of goodwill by reporting unit (amounts in thousands):
 
 
MONI
 
LiveWatch
 
Brinks Home Security
 
Total
Balance at December 31, 2016
 
$
527,502

 
$
36,047

 
$

 
$
563,549

Period activity
 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2017
 
$
527,502

 
$
36,047

 
$

 
$
563,549

Goodwill impairment
 
(214,400
)
 

 

 
(214,400
)
Reporting unit reallocation
 
(313,102
)
 
(36,047
)
 
349,149

 

Goodwill impairment
 

 

 
(349,149
)
 
(349,149
)
Balance at December 31, 2018
 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$



The Company accounts for its goodwill pursuant to the provisions of FASB ASC Topic 350, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other ("FASB ASC Topic 350"). In accordance with FASB ASC Topic 350, goodwill is not amortized, but rather tested for impairment annually, or earlier if an event occurs, or circumstances change, that indicate the fair value of a reporting unit may be below its carrying amount.

As of May 31, 2018, the Company determined that a triggering event had occurred due to a sustained decrease in Ascent Capital's share price. In response to the triggering event, the Company performed a quantitative impairment test for both the MONI and LiveWatch reporting units. Fair value was determined using a combination of an income-based approach (using a discount rate of 8.50%) and a market-based approach for the MONI reporting unit and an income-based approach (using a discount rate of 8.50%) for the LiveWatch reporting unit. Based on the analysis, the fair value of the LiveWatch reporting unit substantially exceeded its carrying value, while the carrying amount of the MONI reporting unit exceeded its estimated fair value, which indicated an impairment at the MONI reporting unit.

The Company early adopted ASU 2017-04, which eliminated Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test, and as such, an impairment charge is recognized for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit's fair value. Applying this methodology, we recorded an impairment charge of $214,400,000 for the MONI reporting unit during the three months ended June 30, 2018. Factors leading to this impairment are primarily the experience of overall lower account acquisition in recent periods. Using this information, we adjusted the growth outlook for this reporting unit, which resulted in reductions in future cash flows and a lower fair value calculation under the income-based approach. Additionally, decreases in observable market share prices for comparable companies in the quarter reduced the fair value calculated under the market-based approach.

In early June 2018, the reportable segments known as MONI and LiveWatch were combined and presented as Brinks Home Security. Refer to Note 1, Basis of Presentation, for further discussion on the change in reportable segments. As a result of the change in reportable segments, goodwill assigned to these former reporting units of $313,102,000 and $36,047,000, for MONI and LiveWatch, respectively, have been reallocated and combined as of June 30, 2018 under the Brinks Home Security reporting unit.

In connection with the Company's annual goodwill impairment assessment, in which the Company performed a quantitative test in the fourth quarter of its fiscal year, based on October 31 balances, the carrying amount of the Brinks Home Security reporting unit exceeded its estimated fair value. Fair value was determined using an income-based approach (using a discount rate of 8.50%) for the Brinks Home Security reporting unit. Since the carrying amount exceeded the reporting unit's fair value, we recorded an additional impairment charge of $349,149,000, the amount of the remaining carrying value of goodwill. This impairment is primarily attributable to projected decreasing cash flows resulting from a declining customer base.  The Company's projections were revised based on recent historical trends as well as other various outlook considerations, which resulted in reductions in future cash flows and enterprise valuation.